Stages Of Gum Disease

The daily monotonous task of brushing and flossing your teeth has never been more important in order to avoid gum disease and reduce the risks that periodontitis places on your overall health.

It has been estimated that 75% of Americans have some form of gum disease which can be linked to serious health complications and causes dental problems that are avoidable.

There are three main stages of gum disease:

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is caused by plaque buildup around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque buildup will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Gingivitis causes inflammation of the gums. Gums that should otherwise be pink will appear red and swollen; you could experience bleeding when you brush or floss. However, at this point, gingivitis can still be reversed. The bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place have not yet been affected. Regular cleanings and preventive dentistry can get you back on track.




Stage 2: Periodontitis

If gingivitis is left untreated, the condition will become periodontitis. At this stage, the supporting bones and fibers that hold your teeth in place have been irreversibly damaged. Your gums begin to form “pockets,” deep hollow areas around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and bacteria. Your gums will recede and form gaps between your teeth. Immediate Scaling and Root Planing is necessary to prevent further damage and tooth loss and the progression to advanced periodontitis.


Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

If your gum disease has progressed to advanced periodontitis the bacteria that was allowed to grow, spread, and cause destruction has destroyed the connective tissues and bones that support the teeth. The pockets that formed in the previous stage have become much deeper. Your teeth can shift or loosen. Loose teeth that move around in the mouth may affect your bite. At this state, aggressive treatment like laser gum surgery is needed to treat advanced periodontitis.




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